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Search Term: Medical Sciences

Technologies


A novel system to modulate the composition of the microbiome
TitleA novel system to modulate the composition of the microbiomeSummaryA robust state-of-the-art method to manipulate the microbiome. BackgroundMicrobial ecosystems are essential for human health and proper development, and disturbances of the ecosystem correlate with a multitude of diseases. A central problem is the lack of tools to selectively c...
Smart Tempcap
Background A number of biomechanical and biological factors contribute to the success of dental implants. Although many factors influence osseointegration, implant design is particularly important in determining the success of an implant. Researchers at Western University have developed a novel abutment, combining a healing cap/cover screw and prov...
Biomarker Profile to Predict Post-Traumatic Distress and Chronic Pain
Summary A robust three protein-based biomarker panel blood test to predict chronic pain and categorize individuals into three recovery trajectories BackgroundPain and distress are difficult to quantify. Outcomes for acute musculoskeletal injuries (trauma) are currently suboptimal with an estimated 10-50% of injured individuals reporting persistent ...
Multidimensional Pain Measurement Application Tool
Multidimensional Pain Measurement Application ToolSummaryRobust and Innovative Aid in the Clinical Management of people with chronic pain by applying new assessment to the way pain is measuredBackgroundPain and distress are difficult to quantify common to almost all illnesses, and according to the National Institute of Health (NIH), affects more in...
Angler - An Epilepsy monitoring system
BackgroundProper seizure detection and monitoring tools are one of the unmet needs in the epilepsy community. Annually 3 million cases of epilepsy are reported in North America, 1/3 of which are uncontrolled seizures. Currently, video EEG is utilized in monitoring patients. They are limited to use within the epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) of the ho...
Time-resolved dynamic angiographic computed tomography (TRD-ACT)
BackgroundThe clinical gold standard for assessing the functional significance of a coronary artery stenosis is the invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) technique, in which a specialized catheter is advanced to the culprit artery with aids of fluoroscopy to measure the flow pressure gradient across a plaque during maximal hyperemia. Recently, non...
DNA methylation assay for diagnosis and screening of prostate cancer
BackgroundProstatic adenocarcinoma is the most commonly diagnosed non-cutaneous cancer for men in the United States. The incidence is likely to continue to increase as people survive longer and more middle-aged men undergo routine screening for the disease. Men diagnosed with early stage small volume disease have the best outcome following curative...
Hand-Held Portable Low-Cost Scanner for Breast Cancer Detection
Hand-Held Portable Low-Cost Scanner for Breast Cancer DetectionBackground:The incidence of breast cancer is rising rapidly worldwide. Globally, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, representing one in four cases of all cancers among women. The imaging of breast tissue for early detection has improved the survival rate, reduced treatmen...
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Category Medical Sciences
Treatment of central nervous system injuries through targeted reduction of neuroinflammation
BackgroundTraumatic injuries to the brain and spinal cord are a leading cause of death among young people. Patients who are fortunate to survive the initial injury often deal with lifelong neurological impairment. With incident rates on the rise, TBI and SCI are poised to become a major contributor to the global epidemiological and economic burde...
Keywords  
Category Medical Sciences
Biopsy Needle System to Prevent P. acnes Contamination
BackgroundInfections are a potentially devastating complication of any surgery. Amongst the most devastating are post-surgical joint infections caused by Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes), now considered the major microbial cause of surgical implant failures. Without early diagnosis and intervention, these infections result in joint tissue necrosi...
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